100 Days Of War In Ukraine In 10 Facts

100 days of war in Ukraine in 10 facts

It is 100 days since Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered his troops to invade Ukraine: 100 days marked by destruction, exodus, deaths and suffering of the civilian population. The offensive continues with no end in sight, now concentrated in the east of the country and, according to kyiv, about 20% of the Ukrainian territory is under the control of Russian forces, that is, 125,000 square kilometers. These are another 10 facts that leave 100 days of war:

1. At least 4,169 civilians have died since February 24 and 4,982 have been injured, as confirmed by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. of fatalities, 268 they were minors – every day, on average, more than two children die, most in attacks with explosive weapons in populated areas, according to Unicef. But it is assumed that the real figures are higher because there are heavily attacked areas such as Mariupol where the death toll is believed to be in the thousands. Most of these victims are attributable to the Russian armed forces and to its affiliated groups.

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2. close to 6.8 million people, mainly women and children, have been forced to leave the country, according to the UN refugee agency (Acnur). The majority, 3.6 million, have left through Poland, but also through other countries that share a border such as Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, Belarus and Russia. Others eight million people are displaced within Ukraine by the war, estimates the International Organization for Migration (IOM). This means that, in total, more than 14 million they have left behind their homes in a country that used to be home to some 44 million people. Almost two out of three children they have been displaced by the fighting, according to Unicef.

3. There is a significant information gap on military casualties and available estimates differ. the ukrainian army ensures that Russia has lost about 30,850 troops. In mid-May, Britain said Russia had probably suffered a death toll similar to that of the Soviet Union during the war in Afghanistan, which was about 15,000. The BBC has confirmed information about 3,052 soldiers and officers killed so far. Moscow last announced its military losses in March. and encrypted them in 1,351. kyiv, for its part, has recently claimed that it is losing between 60 and 100 soldiers up to date in combat and gave its latest official figure in April: between 2,500 and 3,000 Ukrainian soldiers killed.

4. At least eight journalists have lost their lives while covering the war, according to the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), which is investigating whether seven other professionals were killed because of their work. Reporters Without Borders has recorded 50 acts that could be considered war crimes and that affect some 120 journalists.

5. The Russian invasion has caused an unprecedented humanitarian crisis throughout the country. The UN estimates that 15.7 million people They need humanitarian aid.

Conditions are worsening in both eastern and southern Ukraine, with large-scale interruptions to electricity, water and gas supplies continuing. The United Nations has asked governments for 2,250 million dollars (about 2,100 million euros) to provide assistance until August. Approximately 30% of funds not yet covered.

6. The Ukrainian Prosecutor’s Office says that, since the beginning of the invasion, more than 15,000 alleged war crimes. Some 600 suspects have been identified and 80 legal proceedings have been initiated. The Associated Press has verified evidence of 276 possible war crimes on Ukrainian territory, with updated data as of June 2. International organizations such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have documented siege tactics, indiscriminate attacks, extrajudicial executions and other human rights violations by Russian forces.

7. The bombs have destroyed blocks of flats, schools, hospitals and other infrastructure. The research environment bellingcat has almost verified 500 attacks that have caused harm to the civilian population. The World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed 269 ​​attacks on facilities, transport and health personnel which caused 76 deaths and 59 injuries. At least 1,888 educational centers have been hit by bombing and 180 have been completely destroyed, according to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraineand the war has disrupted the education of 7.5 million children who lived in the country at the beginning of this year, denounces Save The Children. As of May 30, UNESCO has verified damage to 62 religious sites, 12 museums, 26 historic buildings, 17 buildings dedicated to cultural activities, 15 monuments and seven libraries since February 24.

8. The office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights has confirmed 204 cases of enforced disappearance –169 men, 34 women and one child–, the vast majority at the hands of the Russian armed forces and allied armed groups, as of May 12. Among them are public officials, journalists, civil society activists, retired soldiers from the armed forces and other civilians – a small part (38) were released and some (five) were found dead. There have been ten cases of possible enforced disappearances of people considered pro-Russian in government-controlled territory that appear to have been committed by Ukrainian agents – seven were released. The UN has also verified at least a dozen cases of sexual violence in all the country.

9. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) estimates that at least 20% of harvests Ukraine’s winter crops – especially wheat – might not be harvested or planted, which it will further reduce the global food supply, with serious consequences for Europe and other parts of the world. The war sent a shock to the markets for staple grains and vegetable oils and prices soared, reaching an all-time high in March. The World Food Program esteem that 276 million people worldwide were already facing acute hunger at the beginning of 2022 and this number is expected to increase by 47 million if the conflict continues, with the steepest increases in sub-Saharan Africa. The organization has demanded the opening of the blocked Ukrainian ports so that food can enter and leave.

10. Since the beginning of the offensive in Ukraine, the Russian authorities have arrested 15,446 people in protests against the war, according to OVD-infoan organization specializing in monitoring arrests and defending detainees.

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