Since the existence of human beings, ways to use plants to address health problems have been sought; these can range from an injury, pain or illness.
Different civilizations have carried out this ancient practice, transmitting the collected knowledge of the properties that each one has, from generation to generation.RELATED
It is normal to find a plant with multiple benefits, given the case of being used differently by each culture, considering it the oldest practice of medicine.
The knowledge of the properties of plants, transmitted over the years, gave rise to what is now known as traditional medicine, considered a world heritage site, allowing the foundations of modern medicine to be established.
What are the characteristics of a medicinal plant?
In order for a plant to be considered medicinal, it must have curative or preventive properties for some disease or illness. It is worth mentioning that some plants may have the active principle that gives them these medicinal characteristics only in some region or plant organ; an example of this would be in the leaves or in the root.
Currently in different parts of the world, the use of medicinal plants has a cultural purchasing value and scientific knowledge in different multidisciplinary areas, as well as economic power, both in small communities where traditional medicine is still practiced, and for the industry. Pharmaceutical (preparation of medicines).
That is why we leave you a list of the 5 best medicinal plants that cannot be missing in your garden or home.
Chamomile: It is recommended to take this plant if there is stomach pain and inflammation, according to a study, Thanks to its components and active ingredient, it acts as an effective calming and anti-inflammatory. It is recommended to consume in infusion. Thyme: The biological activity of this plant is linked to a substance with an antispasmodic effect (prevent or interrupt a painful contraction, spasms), expectorant (elimination of phlegm) and also serves as an antiseptic (eliminates or reduces microorganisms). It is recommended to include in food and in infusion. Ginger: According to the Institute of Ecology (INECOL), it is attributed antiseptic and digestive properties; Within its medicinal uses there is also the consumption of this tuber to treat nausea, cough, asthma, bronchitis and flatulence. Its consumption can be in infusion, powder or in food that is cooked. Buganvilia/ bougainvillea: This shrub is cultivated as an ornamental plant and is generally used to treat cough and bronchitis; according to the Laboratory of Vascular Plants, UNAM. Its consumption is through an infusion. Guava: Guava leaves are used as an antiseptic and the fruit is rich in vitamin A, D12, iron and C, containing even more than citrus fruits, preventing respiratory diseases by strengthening the immune system. It is recommended to eat its fruit and you can also make an infusion with its leaves.
When consuming medicinal plants as home remedies, it must be taken into account that it has to be a perfectly well-identified plant, to avoid running the risk of some intoxication, also that they are products that are not regulated, unlike medicines, and could generate allergies or more serious consequences for consumers.
Although it is always sought to consume natural products, let us remember that in this case they are not without toxins that can be harmful, before consuming a medicinal plant always consult a health professional.
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