"Remember that I will come back for you. Take good care of your daughter," was the last thing Maria heard (we used a fictitious name to protect her identity) before the man who rented a room and his sister They were from his house. Maria says that the discussion began the day before when she asked him to evict because she planned to sell her house and could no longer rent a room.
The man's sister also yelled at her that she would call the Immigration and Customs Service (ICE) to deport her family, said María, who went to court to request a restraining order. "But I couldn't do anything with the discrimination I experienced," added the mother of a two-year-old girl from Colton, a town about 45 minutes from the city of Los Angeles.
Cases like these are those that seeks to record a report of hate crime incidents of the FBI. The most recent report, published on the eve, showed that hate crime incidents remained virtually unchanged in 2018 compared to the previous year, but attacks against people, especially violence against Hispanics, recorded an increase in both cases.RELATED
In total, 7,120 incidents considered hate crimes were reported last year in the FBI report. This represents a decline of 0.77% compared to 2017, which ended the annual increase of the previous three years, according to the data.
While the FBI has made efforts to collect this data, state and local police do not have a duty to report it, which means that the numbers do not fully reflect the real picture of hate crimes. The Office of Judicial Statistics, for example, accounted in 2017 for about 250,000 hate crimes, a figure that is considerably different from the 7,175 that the FBI collected that same year.
Likewise, more than half of the victims of a hate crime do not report it to the authorities. Experts say that immigrants, whether undocumented or not, denounce less such episodes for fear of deportation or reprisals by law enforcement.
The FBI defines a hate crime as "a criminal offense against a person or property, motivated in whole or in part by a bias of the attacker for racial, religious, disability, sexual orientation, ethnic, gender or gender identity reasons" .
Racial prejudices, by far the most that feeds hate
Last year, most of the reported incidents were due to racial or ethnic prejudice, 4,047 cases out of 7,120 total. The incidents were followed by religious reasons, 1,419, and sexual orientation, 1,196.
There were also incidents against people with disabilities, 159; by its gender, 47; and for its gender identity, 168, the FBI detailed.
More attacks directed at people
Although hate crime incidents fell slightly last year compared to 2017, attacks against people by the type of prejudice described above increased 12% in that period, FBI data showed.
Serious aggressions grew by almost 4%: from 788 to 818 cases. Simple attacks, meanwhile, increased by 15%: from 1,433 to 1,653. On the other hand, intimidation increased by almost 13%: from 1,807 to 2,039.
Hispanics, a target of hate
Both hate incidents and attacks against Hispanics increased last year compared to the previous year, unlike cases involving African-Americans, Jews or Arabs, where the figures gave a mixed picture.
Likewise, both hate incidents and attacks against Latinos reached their highest levels in 2018 in eight years and ten years. In the case of hate incidents, the number of cases was 485, the highest number since 534 in 2010. There were also 326 attacks against Latinos last year, the most since 347 in 2008.
In photos: Harassment incidents and hate crimes following the election of Donald Trump
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