The political crisis in Bolivia emphasized the remoteness of the elected government with Brazil and generated a first short circuit with the United States, two countries that will be central for Alberto Fernández to think of any chance of success in his management.
In the region, several countries condemned the fall of Evo Morales as a coup d'etat, but Mauricio Macri, Jair Bolsonaro and Donald Trump refused to conceptualize it and demanded "clean elections."
The situation left Fernandez next to Mexico but in a different path from that of Brazil and the United States. Today there is no dialogue between him and the administration of the South American giant. And this Tuesday the president-elect was harshly dispatched against Trump, who last week had offered him help for the renegotiation with the IMF.
"In my opinion, the United States backed down decades, returned to the worst times of the 70s, endorsing military interventions against democratically elected governments," Fernandez remarked, repudiating Trump's "applause" to the fall of Morales.
Fernández said that the Bolivian Army stopped obeying its natural controls. He then contacted officials of the US State Department and ratified his position.
Biography of former Bolivian president Evo Morales – AFP / AFP
“I want to have the best relationship with the United States and that means telling us things frankly,” said Fernández. The White House once again expressed itself and called for an end to violence in Bolivia, with elections as soon as possible.
Sources close to Cristina Fernández's political partner explain that he has taken the situation to heart. He feared that the opposition revolt would kill Morales. And he understood what happened as "a message from the continental right" to the popular governments of the region.
Maximiliano Reyes Zúñiga, Undersecretary of Relations with Latin America of Mexico, said there was no pressure from Trump for the asylum of Morales. He added: "With Alberto we were coordinated in the efforts by the countries for which the plane flew over to allow that overflight."
Fernández will assume in a scenario of weakness: the economy in recession; record inflation; and a debt in selective default that must be restructured. To leave, the country will need the United States and Brazil, a key business partner.
"You have to deideologize"
Rosendo Fraga, an international analyst, said there are two priorities: an urgent dialogue with Brazil and preventing tension with the United States from escalating. To do this, he said, pragmatism will be required.
“We must avoid calculation errors. Do not think that any statement does not generate adversities. A management of personalities, both the president and his chancellor (which would be Felipe Solá). And effective diplomacy, ”he said.
Fraga spoke like this in a seminar of the Argentine Council for International Relations on Foreign Policy, together with experts such as Francisco de Santibañes and Lourdes Puente.
Rosendo Fraga (Web)
The three agreed that in the coming years it will be essential to take advantage of the possibility of a commercial relationship, and build a conducive balance between the United States and China.
De Santibañes and Puente clarified that this could be done by the country with greater success if the region is pacified, internal tensions are resolved in countries where the legitimacy of their governments is in doubt, and a coordinated strategy for the world is thought.
The key, clarified De Santibañes, is to “deideologize” the link with Brazil and for the Argentine political arc to think about the long-term interest for the strategy to follow through governments and there are only tactical changes. Something that, judging by the last decades, seems impossible to build.