Latin Agency for News Medicine and Public Health
Some changes that the malaria parasite presents are due to climatic factors that can promote new characteristics and infections
Malaria is a disease transmitted by the Anopheles type mosquito, each year an approximate of 210 million people are infected with this disease and 440,000 die for this reason. The population that tends to be the focus of malaria is pediatric and predominates on the African continent.
Many are the organisms that adapt to the environment and provide new tools to perform their various functions, insects are individuals that can easily change characteristics or qualities in order to evade those sanitation implements such as insecticides that combat these pests, in order to avoid comorbidities. associated with some type of pathogen transmitted by mosquitoes.
The parasite that causes malaria has received structural changes that evade those protection and elimination tools, experts assure that a new drug targeting and chemical compounds may have a better efficacy against this agent.
There are many theories of various experts in which they affirm that it is necessary to have new compounds and advances both medical and scientific to treat those changes that malaria can present, for this, it is necessary that the respective studies be carried out to innovate both in treatments and diagnostics as in implements that eradicate the plague from a certain place.
The La Caixa Foundation started a project in which it is necessary to know the molecular changes of this parasite, as an initiative in this month of October, volunteers in the country of Mali will begin to take blood tests of those minors between 9 and 12 years of age. age, since these children are the most vulnerable regarding symptoms and progression of the disease.
“What we will do next is infect mosquitoes and isolate their cells at different stages to identify the differences,” said Elena Gómez Díaz, a researcher at the López Neyra Institute of Parasitology and Biomedicine (IPBLN-CSIC) and leader of the project.
Thanks to the adaptive power of the mosquito, those factors that can influence this purpose have to be taken into account, such as the weather and those chemical implements that are used to prevent them from remaining in a territory, the change and the combination of this type of tools it may be a viable solution to make this adaptation process as unfavorable as possible.
“Even if mosquito nets are put in homes, they will know how to adapt and begin to infect outside, wherever the human being is,” explained Marta Moreno Leirana, researcher at the Department of Infection Biology at the London School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
It is important to take into account those that may present some agents within the diseases, malaria is a critical condition that affects a large proportion of the world population, advances and research are the main weapon to combat the mosquito that transmits the parasite and avoid a constant mutation of it, so that treatments and therapies can be more effective.