Buccal Braces, What Are They And What Problems Are Associated With Them?

When we open our mouths, we do not usually have much difficulty locating and distinguishing the tongue, tonsils or the bell. But there is a part that we are not so familiar with. It is about that area located inside the mouth that joins the tongue with the bottom and that which is in the front part, between the lip and the upper gum.

That small mucous junction from a loose part to a more rigid part is the frenulum. And in the mouth we have two main types: the lingual and the labial. The first secures the tongue to the base of our mouth and the labial connects the upper lip with the gum tissue, just above the two front teeth.

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In most cases, the frenulum (whatever type it may be) develops normally, without the need for any type of correction to be made. But sometimes there may be some degree of abnormality. As when the lip frenulum develops excessively, which causes a space to appear between the two front teeth, or when the lingual one does the opposite, that is, it does not develop enough and is short. What happens when all this happens?

One of the main problems with having a short lingual frenulum, also known as ankyloglossia, is that it interferes with food and speech. In infants, the short lingual frenulum restricts the movement of the tongue. Someone with a short frenulum, in addition to having difficulty sticking their tongue out, may have other problems:

In most cases this does not cause problems. But in others a simple surgical procedure may be necessary to correct it. One of them is the frenectomy

, with or without anesthesia (in babies under six months it is not necessary). The procedure is simple, fast, and discomfort is minimal because the frenulum has few nerve endings or blood vessels. After the intervention, the baby can continue to suckle immediately without problems.

Can there be complications? Although rare, bleeding or infection can sometimes occur, or the frenulum reattaches to the base of the tongue. To avoid the latter, a series of exercises is usually prescribed for a few weeks.

Another genetic factor that can alter oral health, and that has nothing to do with hygiene habits, is the alteration of the lip frenulum. It can happen that this is either too long or too short. In the case of Lip frenulum longer than usual (hypertrophy), it can happen that the upper labial frenulum is very long and this prevents the upper incisors from coming together.

What happens is that the tissue gets between the two teeth. This causes what is visually very obvious: a large space between these two teeth (interincisal diastema). The main problems that usually arise are, in addition to the aesthetic:

In most cases, this resolves on its own, with the pressure exerted by the lateral incisors and canines when they erupt.

In the case of short upper lip frenulumUnlike the previous one, the membrane that serves as a junction between the upper lip and the gum is shorter than normal. This can lead to problems such as:

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