Multiple crises plague Haiti, the poorest country in the hemisphere, which is experiencing a growing deterioration in security due to the activities of armed gangs and where it is estimated that hunger will increase amid inflation and high food prices.
Where to start addressing the situation? Diego Da Rin, consultant for Latin America and the Caribbean at the International Crisis Group, pointed out that Haiti will not be a significantly safe country until its political situation is addressed.
“It is urgent that Henry and the members of the Montana Agreement negotiate a consensus that allows the creation of a stable transition government with a realistic timetable for elections and Haiti’s foreign partners should insist on the urgency of doing so”, is one of the the conclusions of Da Rin’s writing, in International Crisis Group.RELATED
He noted that until that happens, the gangs will continue to grow stronger and Haitians will face a bleak future. However, the historian recognized that the members of the Montana Agreement “are challenging” the de facto mandate of Prime Minister Ariel Henry, with the proposal led by Haiti that implies a transitional government.
The consultant also pointed out that there is “a danger” in organizing elections in the short term because “there was never” a territorial control of the gangs in the most populated areas of Haiti as there is now. This domain in the places is to “force” residents, in the event of elections, to vote for certain candidates, to ensure “a valuable negotiating tool with politicians.”
Da Rin dates between 2001 and 2004 the existence of organizations that spawned the gangs that plague Haiti today and that were born during the second presidency of Jean Bertrand Aristy, although he also acknowledges that they have become more autonomous in recent years.
“It is time to advance in security to be able to organize elections, but it is also necessary to ensure that state institutions, which are totally paralyzed, manage to operate and be functional. How to make them functional? Well, there has to be a political agreement”, considered the analyst, in conversation with Diario Libre.
Likewise, he said that there must be a demobilization process that offers a way out for gang members and real alternatives for the Haitian population to survive, as “indispensable” steps to reduce violence.
Wars between armed gangs in Haiti have killed more than 300 people this year and exacerbated the humanitarian crisis. The clashes forcing thousands to flee their homes and leaving many more trapped without enough food, water or medical attention, according to reports from the United Nations (UN).
Diego Da Rin pointed out that financial and technical support should be intensified to strengthen the security forces, that is, the National Police, in which officers are leaving the ranks due to living conditions and job insecurity, as he acknowledged in last May the director of the body of the order.
The historian indicated that this support may come from the international community, which may also help install an intelligence group to deal with gang infiltration, as well as to stop the smuggling of weapons into Haiti.
Da Rin acknowledged that external support is a controversial issue in Haiti, where there are those who resist due to a long history of foreign intervention that, “at best, has little to show and, at worst, has damaged your country,” he said in the statement.
“The international community should be a little more ready, I think, to support the Haitian security forces in different ways and, above all, understand that a strategy purely from a security point of view is not going to solve the problem in Haiti. ”, he estimated.
Graduated in Social Communication with a mention in Journalism at the UASD. She has experience working in print and digital newspapers, also in the production of radio programs.