Death Of Qasem Soleimani: 5 Of Iran's Historical Treasures At Risk From Threats Donald Trump

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                    The Isfahan Friday Mosque was listed as a World Heritage Site in 2012.

"If Iran attacks any American or any American heritage, we have targeted 52 sites, some of them of great importance to the Iranian culture."

This tweet, published by US President Donald Trump, last Saturday, added more tension to the conflict between his country and Iran.

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This confrontation reached a critical point last Friday, January 3, when the US killed in a "selective attack" the Iranian general Qasem Soleimani, considered a military hero in his country and a vital piece of Iranian influence throughout the Middle East.

Can the death of Qasem Soleimani trigger a war? (and other questions after the US attack and Iran's threats)
Does Donald Trump have a real strategy to face the crisis with Iran after the death of General Qasem Soleimani?

After his death, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the supreme leader of Iran, promised a "severe revenge against criminals."

But Trump said "that the US does not want any more threats" and that any aggression will be returned "stronger than they have ever been attacked."

The US president warned that he had 52 sites in the spotlight, including some of the most culturally important for Iran.

According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) that country 24 goods registered as a World Heritage Site, including the famous city of Persepolis and the Golestan Palace.

Death of Qasem Soleimani: Donald Trump's warning if Iran fulfills its promise of "severe revenge" against the United States

The number of sites threatened by Trump, 52, corresponds to the number of hostages that Iran held at the US embassy in that country for 444 days between 1979 and 1980.

BBC Exclusive: inside the former US embassy in Iran where the hostage crisis originated in 1979

After the threat of the US president, the reactions were not long in coming and Iranian Foreign Minister spokesman Abbas Mousavi told reporters in Tehran that "he was very sorry to live in a world where the president of the so-called major superpower still did not know that attacking cultural sites is a war crime. "

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                    The Citadel of Bam, located in a desert area, grew thanks to the development of underground channels

And in 1954, in response to the high number of historical assets destroyed during World War II, several countries in collaboration with UNESCO, including the US, ratified a special agreement in The Hague, the Netherlands, to protect This type of assets.

However, USA He retired from UNESCO in 2018.

Now, amid tensions between the US and Iran and according to the warnings of Donald Trump, some of these places considered as the most important artistic-cultural heritage not only for the country of the Middle East, but for the entire world, are at risk.

Death of Qasem Soleimani: how Iran and the United States went from being allies to enemies

In BBC Mundo we highlight five of the most popular and well-known, which for their historical or artistic value, represent a vital trace of human heritage.

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This city is considered the cradle of the Persian empire and was the first capital of the Achaemenid dynasty.

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                    The Ciro Mausoleum is the emblem of the city of Pasargadas, considered the cradle of the Persian empire.

It was founded by Cyrus II the Great in the 6th century B.C. and, according to UNESCO, "its palaces and gardens, as well as the Ciro mausoleum, not only constitute an exceptional sample of the first phase of Achaemenid art and architecture, but also an exemplary testimony of Persian civilization."

This organization considers this city as the capital of the first great multicultural empire of West Asia. This extended from Egypt through the Eastern Mediterranean to the banks of the Indus River, the most important of the territory that today belongs to Pakistan.

UNESCO, Queen 2004, included Pasargadas as a World Heritage Site in 2004, adds that the Achaemenid Empire was "the first to respect the cultural diversity of its different peoples."

2. Persepolis
                
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                    All the monumental vestiges of Persepolis are authentic.

According to UNESCO, its architectural, urban and technological wealth make the royal city of Persepolis a testimony without equivalence within the oldest civilization.

Its construction began in the year 518 by Darius the Great, king of the Achaemenid empire. Then, successive kings erected several palaces, forming an architectural complex where the palace of Apadana and the "One Hundred Columns" stand out.

UNESCO included Persepolis in its heritage list in 1979 and ensures that there has been no reconstruction. All his monumental vestiges are authentic.

3. Golestan Palace

This palace represents a unique testimony and contains the most complete artistic representation of the Kayar dynasty, who ruled ancient Persia between 1785 and 1925.

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                    The Golestan Palace is an obvious sign of Western influence in Iranian arts.

The palace facilities were built in a style that synthesizes European and Persian elements, which became popular in Iranian architecture in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

UNESCO designated this palace as part of the world heritage site recently, in 2013, and considers it a symbol of Iran's modernization and western impact on its art.

4. The Persian Garden

This style exemplifies the diversity in the design of the Persian gardens and how they adapted to different weather conditions.

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                    The Persian garden has served as inspiration in several regions of the world.

This way of building these spaces dates back to the 6th century and contains buildings, pavilions, walls and sophisticated irrigation systems. This garden design expanded and influenced as far as in India or Spain.

According to UNESCO, the Persian Garden exhibits an important exchange of human values, being the main reference for the development of garden design in Western Asia, Arab countries and even Europe.

In addition, the word "paradise" comes from the avionic word "pairidaēza", which was the name of a garden enclosed between walls.

It was included in the list of World Heritage Sites in 2011.

5. Isfahan Friday Mosque
                
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                    The interiors of the Isfahan Friday Mosque show the architectural evolution of this type of buildings in Iran.

Since 841 and throughout 12 centuries, this mosque shows the evolution of the architecture of this type of buildings.

Its design served as a prototype for several later mosques built in the area of ​​Central Asia. It is a complex of more than 20,000 square meters whose domed domes were a true architectural innovation.

It is the oldest congregational Friday mosque in Iran.

UNESCO listed it as a World Heritage Site in 2012.

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As a protest against the warnings of Donald Trump, many people joined under the hashtag #IranianCulturalSites on Twitter in flooding the social network of photos of their favorite historical places in Iran.

The visual artist Hajar Moradi, for example, wanted to record the spectacular mosque known as "Pink Mosque", located in the Iranian city of Shiraz.

Another user, identified as Sergio Beltrán-García, left photos of his visit to the city of Persepolis.

Other places

Of the 24 well-declared World Heritage Sites in Iran, 22 of them are cultural and two are natural: the mixed Caspian Hircanian Forest and the Lut Desert.

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                    Iran also hosts natural spaces listed as heritage, such as the Hircanio mixed Caspian Forest.

In addition to the sites mentioned above, these others complete the Iranian historical treasure listed as a World Heritage Site.

Armenian monastic sets
Bam and its cultural landscape
The inscription of Behistún
Maymand's cultural landscape
The funerary tower of Gonbad-e Qābus
The historical city of Yazd
Meidan Emam Square in Ispahan
Sasanian archeological landscape of the Fars region
Shahr-i Sokhta, the "burned city"
Ensemble of Khānegāh and shrine of Sheikh Safi Al Din in Ardabil
Shushtar historical hydraulic system
Öldjeytü's mausoleum in Soltaniyeh
The ruins of Susa
The whole of the historical bazaar of Tabriz
The archaeological site of Takht-e Sulaiman
The sacred city of Choga Zanbil
The Persian Qanat

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