Dominican Republic Did Not Sign Biden Summit Declaration

Twenty American countries, including the United States, Mexico and several Central American nations, joined this Friday in a declaration with specific commitments to contain the migration crisis in the region, among which the Dominican Republic does not appear.

The signing ceremony of the so-called “Declaration of Los Angeles on migration and protection” was led by the US president, Joe Biden, during the last day of the IX Summit of the Americas, which brings together leaders from the entire continent in that city Californian.

The declaration was signed by the United States, Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay.

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While among those who did not sign the document are three countries of origin of many of the undocumented migrants who cross the continent: Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua, which the United States Government decided not to invite to the Summit of the Americas because it considered that they they are democratic.

The Dominican Republic has not yet explained the reasons for not signing the agreement. It is recalled that President Abinader was critical of the international community for understanding that they are not paying enough attention to contain Haitian migration.

“No nation should assume this responsibility alone,” said Biden, who stressed that not only is irregular migration going to the United States increasing, but that “millions” of Venezuelans have arrived in Colombia and that migrants now represent “the 10 % of the population of Costa Rica”.

To alleviate the pressure generated by these flows, the signatory countries committed themselves -among other things- to expanding the opportunities to migrate legally to contain the arrival of undocumented immigrants at the southern border of the United States, which continues to increase.

“We need to stop the dangerous and illegal ways people are migrating. Illegal migration is not acceptable, and we are going to secure our borders,” Biden said.

The United States promised to increase its quota of refugees from the Americas to 20,000 by 2023 and 2024, with special priority to those from Haiti, as well as to continue accepting temporary non-agricultural workers from Central America and to prevent “abuses” in their hiring.

Biden particularly thanked the commitments made by Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Guatemala, Canada and Spain, a country that participated in the summit as an observer, represented by the Secretary of State for International Cooperation, Pilar Cancela.

Spain has pledged to “double” the number of legal avenues for Honduran workers to participate in Spain’s circular migration programs, according to the White House.

The Ecuadorian president, Guillermo Lasso, also spoke at the event, emphasizing the need to promote “an integral development agenda that has the human being at its center.”

“It is urgent to promote development opportunities in countries of origin, on the one hand, and on the other, promote actions to identify and dismantle the international mafias that control irregular migration,” he stressed.

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