The Government of President Donald Trump began on Monday the formal process to withdraw from the Paris Agreement, the largest binding pact in the face of the climate crisis and establishing a global plan of action to limit global warming.
“Today, the United States began the process to withdraw from the Paris Agreement. Under the terms of the agreement, the United States submitted a formal notification of its withdrawal to the United Nations. The withdrawal will take effect one year after delivery of the notification, ”said Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in a statement.
President Trump announced on June 1, 2017 that Washington would withdraw from the resolution against climate change, although the petition could not be formalized until today due to contractual issues of the agreement itself, adopted in 2015.RELATED
Point 28 of the Paris Agreement indicates that any country that has ratified the agreement, as in the case of the US, could only request its exit three years after its entry into force, that is, today.
Once the petition has been formally submitted, another year has to pass before the agreement can be effective, so the country will disconnect from the pact on November 4, 2020.
"President Trump made the decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement due to the unfair economic burden imposed on American workers, businesses and taxpayers for the United States promises made under the agreement," Pompeo defended.
The head of diplomacy said that since the announcement of the abandonment of the pact, the United States "has reduced all types of emissions, even as the economy grows and the Government guarantees citizens' access to affordable energy."
Once the withdrawal process is complete, the US will join Nicaragua and Syria, the only two non-signatory countries of the commitments made in Paris by almost 200 nations.
John Kerry, who was the secretary of state when the Paris Agreement was agreed in 2015, said today in an opinion article in The Washington Post that the formal withdrawal of the pact means "a black day for the United States."
"President Trump took the step he promised in 2017 to officially withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement on climate change, which all other countries on Earth have signed. This is not the United States first; once again, it is States United isolated, "Kerry wrote with the country's then secretary of defense, Chuck Hagel.
The announcement of the abandonment of the Paris Agreement, which was ratified by the Administration of former President Barack Obama (2009-2017), provoked harsh criticism from world leaders and climate organizations, who considered that Washington would lose its leadership position in the fight for climate change