US President Donald Trump finally revealed on Tuesday his peace plan for the Middle East, which is considered "historic" by Israel but is unlikely to be implemented in the face of strong rejection by the Palestinians.
In a speech at the White House, accompanied by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Trump said his vision presents "a chance to win for both parties, a realistic solution of two states."
"Today, Israel takes a big step towards peace," Trump said. And he stressed that "Jerusalem will continue to be the indivisible capital of Israel," by revealing details of the plan already emphatically rejected by the Palestinians in advance.RELATED
The head of the White House described his proposal as a "historic opportunity" for Palestinians to achieve an independent state. "This could be the last chance they will have," he emphasized.
"The Palestinians are in poverty and violence, exploited by those who seek to use them as pawns to promote terrorism and extremism," he said. "They deserve a much better life," Trump said.
The president stressed that the United States will recognize Israeli sovereignty over the entire territory that its "vision" contemplates as "part of the State of Israel" and added that the Palestinian state will have its capital in East Jerusalem, without giving further details.
Trump immediately gave the floor to Netanyahu, who celebrated the plan proposed by the US and said it includes an endorsement of Israel's annexation of the Jordan Valley, which constitutes about 30% of the West Bank territory.
"This will give us a permanent eastern border to defend ourselves," Netanyahu said, confirming a detail that promises to outrage the Palestinians and part of the international community.
Trump also said that the plan contemplates that the Palestinian territory "is more than double that now" and said that "neither Israelis nor Palestinians will have to leave their homes."
Trump said he wrote to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas about his peace plan. The Palestinian Authority has so far refused to talk, considering that Washington lacks the credibility necessary to mediate after making a series of favorable decisions to Israel, such as moving its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
According to senior Palestinian officials, President Abbas has rejected in recent months the offers of dialogue of the US president and considered his proposal for peace – even before his official presentation – as "already dead", because, as he had advanced, recognizes Jerusalem only as the capital of Israel, as well as the annexation of Israeli colonies built on Palestinian land.
Also the Palestinian Prime Minister, Mohamad Shtayeh, called in advance the world community to boycott the project, which he says is contrary to international law and seeks above all to protect "Trump from destitution" and "Netanyahu from prison", in means of active proceedings against both agents.
Palestinian protesters protested Tuesday in the Gaza Strip against Donadl Trump's peace plan. / DPA
Even the Palestinian Islamist movement Hamas, faced for years against the Fatah of Abbas, will participate in an "emergency" meeting of the Palestinian leadership organized Tuesday afternoon in Ramallah, the West Bank, on the occasion of the publication of Trump's plan.
Fatah and Hamas have been fighting for more than a decade, when the Islamist movement took the reins of the Gaza Strip, after winning legislative elections. But both oppose the mediation of the current US government.
Protests in Gaza
While Trump was preparing to announce his plan, thousands of people protested this Tuesday in the Gaza Strip against the so-called "Agreement of the Century."
Leaders of all factions of the enclave and protesters toured the streets of Gaza City, and burned Israeli and US flags. and a doll with the figure of Trump. "Down with Israel and down with the United States," was one of the most repeated songs.
During the day there were also riots in Gaza with Israeli troops on the dividing line, and during the afternoon there were isolated clashes with soldiers near Israeli military posts in the occupied West Bank.
The demonstrations are expected to continue on Wednesday in Palestinian territories.
For its part, the Israeli army announced Tuesday that it strengthened its presence in the Jordan Valley, a strategic area of the West Bank, occupied by Israel, hours before Trump's announcement. Israeli media have suggested that the proposal may include the annexation of the territories occupied by Israel in this area.
Palestinian flags in protests on Tuesday in Gaza City. / EFE
On Monday, Netanyahu thanked Trump for "everything he has done for Israel," citing the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of the Hebrew State and specifically also the decision to no longer consider the Israeli colonies in the West Bank as "contrary to international law."
But for Netanyahu, the calendar is complicated and when a month of new elections in Israel is missing, in the midst of his indictment for corruption, Trump also received on Monday at the White House the main opponent of Israeli Prime Minister Benny Gantz.
The United States presented in June the economic aspects of its plan, which foresees some $ 50 billion in international investments in the Palestinian territories and neighboring Arab countries over a period of 10 years. But the concrete details of that project remain the subject of speculation.
Source: AFP and EFE
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