The decision to get the United States out of the "ridiculous endless wars" like the one that sweeps Syria since 2011 had already been advanced at the beginning of the year, but on Sunday Trump announced the effective withdrawal of troops in northern Syria, which caused on Monday strong criticism in the international community and especially among the Kurds, Washington's allies in the fight against the Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS), who were considered abandoned by their allies.
Almost at the same time, Turkey announced that it was ready to initiate an offensive in northeastern Syria to expel the Kurds from the YPG militias, which it accuses of being linked to the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), guerrilla organization that operates within the Turkish borders. Ankara had already done the same in the northwest of the country in 2016 and 2018 with the Euphrates Shield and Olive Branch operations.
"We may be in the process of leaving Syria, but in no way have we abandoned the Kurds, who are a special people and wonderful fighters," Trump said Tuesday on his Twitter account, trying to appease concerns. "We are helping the Kurds financially / with weapons!"RELATED
“Likewise, our relationship with Turkey, a business partner and NATO, has been very good. Turkey already has an important Kurdish population and fully understands that although we only had 50 soldiers in that section of Syria, and these have been withdrawn, any unnecessary and unprovoked combat from Turkey will be devastated for its economy and its very fragile currency, ”said the US president.
Precisely about the historic conflict between the Turks and the Kurds, in addition, Trump had said Monday that he avoided the conflict in northern Syria "for almost three years." “But it's time for us to get out of these ridiculous endless wars, many of them tribal, and bring our soldiers back. The Kurds fought with us, but they were paid a huge amount of money and were given equipment to do so. Now they will have to manage to resolve the situation, ”he argued.
The frustrated aspirations of the Kurds
Kurdish militias YPG, of socialist ideology, are the majority member of the rebel alliance known as Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), which also includes Arab fighters. Assisted with funds, weapons, training and air support by an international coalition led by the United States (and that includes France and the United Kingdom), since 2015 the SDF were the vanguard in the fighting that led to the collapse of the ISIS “caliphate” in March of this year.
At the same time, and in the context of the Syrian civil war against the regime of dictator Bashar Al Assad, Kurdish forces came to control a vast territory in the north of the country they call Rojava and in which they aspired to found a state Kurdish, at best, or at least to obtain an autonomy similar to that of Iraqi Kurds.
But the initiative has been frustrated as it has the wide rejection of Turkey, Iraq, the Syrian regime and Iran, countries that house Kurdish minorities in their territories and that seek to avoid at all costs the formation of a state in what is known as Kurdistan, a region of diffuse boundaries and violent history.