"A dagger in the back." That was the general description of the attitude of
Donald Trump towards the Kurds in
Syria when he announced the
withdrawal of his troops
from the northeast of that country. But if it is a hoax, its partners in Western Europe were also injured by the surprising
Washington's turn in the Middle East.
The United States is retreating,
enter the game,
Syrian Democratic Forces (SDS) defend themselves, hundreds of jihadists who were detained in that area took advantage of the chaos to escape, according to Kurdish forces. Destination? "
They are going to escape to Europe. That's where they want to go, they want to go back to their homes, "Trump replied when asked about the issue. Another dagger, of smaller thickness, for a strategic partner.
Trump reached an agreement yesterday for Turkey to let the Kurds evacuate, their ex-allies Source: Reuters – Credit: Jonathan ErnstRELATED
"European governments must deal with a potentially stronger Islamic State in Iraq and Syria and the greater risk of radicals returning home. And they must do so knowing that the Trump administration seems to care little if this happens," Daniel Byman said.
Islamic State, the jihadist group that installed an extensive and lethal between 2014 and 2015
"caliphate" between Syria and Iraq and perpetrated impressive attacks even outside its borders,
It ran out of territory in March this year. But no one – except Trump – was encouraged to sing victory. Since then, specialists claim that the organization seeks to regroup, a process that accelerated when the United States allowed the advance of Turkish forces over the Kurds. Trump seems to have helped his enemy while complicating his allies.
"The jihadist movement has always found in the chaos a fertile ground in which to reinvent itself and grow. In addition, the Kurds, in charge of guarding detention centers and camps that house members of the terrorist organization, will be forced to disperse their efforts to contain the Turkish offensive, which could facilitate attempts to release prisoners and escapes, "he told
THE NATION Sergio Altuna, researcher of the
Royal Elcano Institute of Spain.
According to the Kurdish administration, there are some
12,000 EI fighters in their detention centers. At least
2500 are foreigners, from about 50 countries. They are joined by tens of thousands of women and children, relatives of that jihadist army, held in camps. The fear now is not only a resurgence of IS, but the return of Western fighters to their countries of origin to carry out attacks such as those of
Paris 2015, committed by Western terrorists who
They had been in Syria.
France increased its security after the attacks in 2015 Source: Archive
According to a study of
King's College London,
Western Europe was the third region that contributed the most to EI (about 6000). Of that total, some 1700 had returned to their country of origin until last year. Others died in combat or were intercepted while they were returning or were arrested in
Iraq or in
Syria, where they expect their luck in
precarious prisons in charge of the Kurds. But these forces had already warned that, in the face of a Turkish offensive, monitoring the prisoners would become "a second priority."
Thus, the risk of leakage increased in just days. However, for Altuna, "it would be only a limited percentage that would try to return to Europe with the intention of attacking and an even smaller percentage that would return without being discovered," since many would try to flee to distant countries or be legally repatriated.
Trump not only knew that his decision would generate a problem for his European allies. He showed that he did it to teach them a lesson. "
Europe had the opportunity to have its EI prisoners, but did not want the cost. "Let the United States pay," they said (.) European nations should move quickly, "he challenged, in the face of the powerlessness of the repatriation of their citizens who joined Al-Baghdadi's troops.
…. Kurds may be releasing some to get us involved. Easily recaptured by Turkey or European Nations from where many came, but they should move quickly. Big sanctions on Turkey coming! Do people really think we should go to war with NATO Member Turkey? Never ending wars will end! & – Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump)
October 14, 2019
"European governments may soon be forced to make a decision on how to repatriate these foreign fighters, or even not have the luxury of choosing if they escape," Renard and Rik Coolsaet warned.
Lawfare. "It is certainly easier to monitor foreign fighters in Europe than at a distance," they said.
Trump's turn in the Middle East was a "dagger" for Kurdish forces. But it also became darts against him inside and outside the United States. The subject also slipped into the
Democratic debate this week. In addition to the questions from their own space, the issue slipped into the Democratic debate this week. "What Donald Trump did is basically give 10,000 ISIS fighters a card to get out of jail," said Senator Kamala Harris.
Joe Biden, one of the favorite presidential candidates, the president not only created a problem for Europe.
"Islamic State is going to harm the United States," he predicted.