A solemn moment. The inauguration of the first Government led in Italy by a woman. From 1946 until now, the 67 executives that the country has had in 75 years have been presided over by men, 30 men who repeated office at least once. It is a milestone for a far-right party, in a country where less than 50% of women have a paid job. Giorgia Meloni, 45, who began her political militancy knocking thirty years ago at the door of a youth section of the Italian Social Movement, which had been founded by Mussolini’s henchmen, has gone through the entire history of the post-fascist right and is since this Saturday the Italy’s new prime minister.
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“I swear to be faithful to the Republic, to loyally observe the Constitution and the laws and to exercise my mandate and my functions in the exclusive interest of the nation”, a visibly moved Meloni swore shortly after 10 o’clock before the President of the Republic Sergio Mattarella and the look of her partner, the television journalist Andrea Giambruno, and her six-year-old daughter, Ginevra. Meloni, who has always declared himself against the “pink quotas” – “because women are not a panda in danger of extinction”, he usually says – reaches power in Italy at the head of a government with only six women out of a total of 24 ministries. Its two vice presidents are Antonio Tajani and Matteo Salvini, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Development respectively. “This is the government team that, with pride and a sense of responsibility, will serve Italy. Now, to work”, was the comment that Meloni has left on Twitter.
A right-wing government under ultra-right traction returns in Italy 11 years after the fall of Berlusconi’s last executive, of which Meloni was Minister of Youth at just 31 years old. It was the last government that was formed with a candidate supported by a majority that came out of the polls. After 2008 and until now, the seven governments that have succeeded each other have been the result of parliamentary arithmetic. Now Berlusconi himself, who 11 years ago was the patron saint of the center-right, has seen how what he then called “the little one” has formed a government rejecting his pressure to hand over important ministries such as Justice and Justice to his party, Forza Italia. Economic development.
While Berlusconi once again made people talk about himself due to his outbursts, Meloni has remained firm, ending up imposing his line on him in the background and in form, as happened this Friday when it was she who spoke to Mattarella in the round of prior consultations to the charge to form the Government. The new prime minister will meet this Sunday with Mario Draghi for the transfer of powers and then hold the first Council of Ministers.
Merit, Natality, Sovereignty, Security, Family are the words that appear in the change of names of some ministries. They are the keywords of the right-wing ideology and they are the words that the new prime minister has repeated in an electoral campaign where her main concern was to sell an image of moderation that would convince within her but also and above all outside of Italy.
Messages from Von der Leyen and Orbán
“Congratulations to Giorgia Meloni, on her appointment as Italian Prime Minister, the first woman to hold the position. I am ready to work together with the new government in a constructive manner to address the challenges that lie ahead.” The president of the European Commission, Ursula Von der Leyen, tweeted this Tuesday. Congratulations have also arrived on Twitter from one of Meloni’s closest allies in Europe, Viktor Orbán. “Great day for the European right!”, the Hungarian Prime Minister wrote, accompanying the message with a photo with the new Prime Minister of Italy.