Rio de Janeiro, Nov. 8 (EFE). – Brazilian ex-president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, who on Friday left prison, faces nine open trials in Justice, in two of them he was already convicted and all are related to corruption cases. .
On Thursday, the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional the imprisonment of a person convicted in the second instance and before all their remedies are exhausted in Justice, which opened the door of the prison to Lula, who had been imprisoned for 1 year and 7 months
The ex-president, who claims to be the victim of a 'judicial and political persecution', has been in prison since April 2018.RELATED
Lula was acquitted in July last year in another case in which he was accused of obstruction of Justice for trying to buy the silence of former Petrobras director Nestor Cerveró to prevent him from reporting on the oil diversion network.
Next, the nine processes in which Lula is imputed:
1.- Case Triplex: passive corruption and money laundering.
Sentenced on July 12, 2017 to 9 years and 6 months by then judge Sergio Moro, today Minister of Justice in the Government of the extreme rightist Jair Bolsonaro.
That sentence was ratified and increased by a second instance court until 12 years and 1 month. Exhausted resources in said court, Moro decreed his entry into prison.
The sentence was reduced in the third instance to 8 years and 10 months, and has yet to go through the analysis of the Supreme Court.
In this case, the Justice found that Lula received bribes in exchange for favoring the construction company OAS in contracts with Petrobras, which would have materialized in the reservation and reform of a three-storey apartment in Guarujá, on the coast of Sao Paul.
2.- House in Atibaia: passive corruption and money laundering.
Sentenced to 12 years and 11 months by trial judge Gabriela Hardt, temporary replacement for Moro.
In this case, he is accused of having benefited from the million-dollar reforms that three construction companies, including OAS and Odebrecht, carried out in a country house whose property is attributed to him in Atibaia, in the interior of the state of Sao Paulo, as it is in the name of from a friend of his.
However, the case is being reviewed by the courts for technical and procedural issues, which could annul said conviction and return the process to the part of final allegations.
3.- Plot in the PT: illegal association.
A judge from Brasilia accepted in November last year a complaint against Lula and former President Dilma Rousseff (2011-2016), accused of integrating an alleged corrupt network within the PT.
According to the Prosecutor's Office, the defendants integrated 'until 2016' a 'criminal organization' as members of the progressive formation by receiving millions of dollars in bribes.
The Prosecutor's Office asked last October to acquit the ex-plaintiffs on the basis that the elements that make up that criminal organization are not verified, but the judge has not yet ruled.
4.- Case of Equatorial Guinea: money laundering.
In the first process that responds in Sao Paulo, Lula is accused of having used his influence to interfere in decisions of the Government of Equatorial Guinea with the objective of favoring the business of the Brazilian group ARG in the African country.
According to the Prosecutor's Office, the former governor received one million reais (about $ 250,000) from that company as compensation, which was allegedly concealed as a donation to the Lula Institute.
5.- Lula Institute: passive corruption and money laundering
According to the indictment, he received bribes from Odebrecht through former Minister Antonio Palocci, also involved in the Petrobras case and who decided to cooperate with Justice.
The money would have served, according to the Public Ministry, to buy land for the Lula Institute and an attic next to his private residence in the city of Sao Bernardo do Campo, in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo.
6.- Contracts in Angola: passive corruption, influence trafficking, money laundering and illegal association.
He is accused of collecting bribes from Odebrecht in exchange for pressures to favor the construction company with loans from public entities that will facilitate the award of contracts in Angola.
In July of this year a judge withdrew part of the accusations.
7.- Tax incentive for vehicles and hunting aircraft companies: influence peddling, money laundering and illegal association.
The Prosecutor's Office accuses him of interceding with his successor, Dilma Rousseff, to maintain a tax incentive for automotive companies in exchange for alleged bribes.
He was also accused in the same complaint of using his influence so that the Government attributed to the Swedish company Saab a tender for the purchase of 36 fighter planes.
8.- Operation Zelotes: passive corruption.
Accused of signing a decree, in exchange for alleged bribes, in favor of companies in the automotive sector through an extension of tax benefits.
9.- Odebrecht bribes: passive corruption
A judge from Brasilia accepted a new complaint in June this year against Lula, in another case related to the alleged payment of bribes from Odebrecht.
The Prosecutor's Office maintains that Lula and former ministers Antonio Palocci and Paulo Bernardo Silva would have accepted in 2010 the payment of bribes worth 40 million dollars, in exchange for increasing, for the benefit of the construction company, the credit line of the Brazilian development bank to finance projects in Angola. EFE