The French president, Emmanuel Macron, will face his second term without the absolute parliamentary majority he had, lost this Sunday in the second round of the legislative elections due to the union of the left, which has become the first opposition force, and due to the historic advance of the far right.
The coalition forces that support the politics of the Elysee lost more than a hundred of the 350 deputies they had and remain far from the 289 that would allow them to carry out the laws without the contribution of other groups.
The New Popular Ecological and Social Union (NUPES), led by the leftist Jean-Luc Mélenchon and which brings together his party, La Francia Insumisa, socialists, communists and environmentalists, multiplied by three the parliamentarians that those parties won five years ago and They are around 150.RELATED
The 70-year-old political veteran, third of the past presidential elections, achieved two of his objectives, leading the opposition and avoiding Macron’s majority, but not the third, that of achieving a majority that would make him the new prime minister.
For this reason, its balance was bittersweet, far from what the polls predicted and overshadowed by the historic result achieved by the extreme right of Marine Le Pen, which for the first time in history will seat some 90 parliamentarians in the National Assembly, surpassing the traditional conservatives, who will have about ten fewer deputies.
highly divided legislature
The new French legislature will be more divided than ever in a system that favors majorities and will force Macron to seek external support to carry out his projects.
The Prime Minister, Elisabeth Borne, considered that this “unprecedented” fragmentation represents “a risk in view of the national and international challenges” facing the country, but called for governing with “multiple sensitivities” to “achieve the necessary stability and lead the necessary reforms.
The head of the government predicted dialogue but did not announce a change of course, on the contrary, she pointed out that it is necessary to “amplify and accelerate” the route marked out by Macron, with measures to protect against inflation, full employment or the ecological transition.
His appeal was aimed at the more moderate sectors of the parties that will sit in the new National Assembly.
While Mélenchon and Le Pen were quick to assure that they will oppose the president with all their might, all eyes turned to the conservative Republicans.
Its leader for now, Christian Jacob, who will leave office after the summer, assured that they will be in opposition to Macron, but some prominent figures of the party, such as former ministers Jean-François Copé and Rachida Dati, affirmed in television statements that they can support some of your projects.
Nor is it known how the different components of NUPES will react, within which disparate sensitivities coexist, from the radicalism of La Francia Insumisa to more lukewarm positions, such as those of the Socialist Party.
Macron, who five years ago launched his political movement to overcome the traditional parties, will now be forced to negotiate with them.
The president has not achieved his historical objective of curbing the extreme right and, although very weakened, he has seen how the traditional right and the moderate left are still alive.
In addition, “macronism” suffered the defeat of some of its notables, such as the current president of the National Assembly, Richard Ferrand, that of his parliamentary group, Christophe Castaner, or the ministers of Ecology, Amélie de Montchalin, and Health, Brigitte Bourguignon, who were not elected.
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