Peru has a new president. After 45 days of the second electoral round, Pedro Castillo has been proclaimed president-elect of Peru, as confirmed by the National Elections Jury (JNE). 50.12% of the votes were in the hands of Castillo, although Keiko Fujimori was not far behind with 49.87%. There is no turning back.
A few hours earlier, on Monday afternoon, the conservative candidate Keiko Fujimori, responsible for delaying the confirmation of the victory by presenting more than a thousand requests for challenges in which she denounced fraud, acknowledged the victory.
“I will recognize the results because it is what the law and the Constitution that I have sworn to defend. The truth will end up coming to light anyway,” he said at a press conference after the JNE confirmed that this final results would be known this week. However, the daughter of former President Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000) continues to insist on this alleged “systematic fraud” since the day after the election, when she saw her third consecutive defeat irreversible after having also stayed behind. the gates in 2011 against Ollanta Humala and in 2016 against Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.
After declaring the latest legal recourses filed by Fujimori unfounded, the National Elections Jury (JNE) endorsed the results of the June 6 vote.
In his speech in Lima, called balconazo, Castillo made reference to the unit. “I call on the unity of the Peruvian people to open the doors of the next bicentennial.” Also “effort and sacrifice to make Peru fairer, more sovereign, more dignified and more united.”
Professor, patrolman and union leader comes to the presidency with almost no electoral experience and little experience within the political space he represents. A teacher by profession, he made his transition from teaching to politics in 2002, when he ran for the mayor of Anguía for the first time.
He also mentioned the candidate Fujimori and said: “Let’s not put more barriers in these journeys, let’s not put more obstacles to move this country forward.” Until now, neither Fujimori nor his allies have presented reliable evidence of the irregularities they denounce, based essentially on alleged false signatures whose alleged victims have come out publicly in numerous cases to denounce the accusations and reaffirm that the signatures of the minutes are theirs.
In these elections, Fujimori ran while facing an indictment of more than 30 years in prison for alleged money laundering in the irregular financing of his previous electoral campaigns.
On the other hand, the interim president Francisco Sagasti greeted the president-elect, through his social networks, the leader of Peru Libre.
The former presidents also made themselves heard. Both the case of Martín Vizcarra, who was dismissed after a request for a vacancy in Congress, as well as Ollanta Huamala, accused of money laundering in the Lava Jato case.
But there are still a few days to go. Castillo will be sworn in as president on July 28, the moment when the term of interim president Francisco Sagasti ends and Peru commemorates the bicentennial of its independence.
In the plenary session of the JNE held through a videoconference, the official Dina Boluarte was also proclaimed vice president.
Unlike his predecessors, Castillo will begin his term with only one vice president, since Vladimir Cerrón, the leader and founder of the Marxist Peru Libre party, was invalidated as a candidate due to having a firm conviction for corruption, during his tenure as governor of the central region Andean of Junín.
Among the guests at the brief session were Castillo himself, as well as the Prime Minister, Violeta Bermúdez; the head of the National Office of Electoral Processes (ONPE), Piero Corvetto; and the head of the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (Reniec), Carmen Velarde.
The heads of the electoral observation missions of the Organization of American States (OAS) and the European Union (EU) also attended, bodies that have endorsed the legitimacy of the Peruvian elections together with governments such as those of the United States and Canada, among others. countries.
Castillo will assume the presidency for the period 2021-2026 with a profoundly reformist discourse that includes a new Constitution considering that the current one, which emerged from the Fujimori state “self-coup” in 1992, has promoted a neoliberal economy whose economic progress has not solved the problems. deep inequalities.