The acts have consequences. The attack launched by US President Donald Trump, which ended the life of Iranian General Soeimani, already suffered his first reprisal. The Iranian government launched twelve missiles against two US bases in Iraq, and its supreme leader has warned that an attack is not enough. This crossing of fire doesn't just end lives. A large part of cultural heritage – more than 50 historical monuments – could be lost if Trump decides to bomb his new enemy.
…. targeted 52 Iranian sites (representing the 52 American hostages taken by Iran many years ago), some at a very high level & important to Iran & the Iranian culture, and those targets, and Iran itself, WILL BE HIT VERY FAST AND VERY HARD. The USA wants no more threats!
– Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) January 4, 2020RELATED
The US president warned last Saturday that he is targeting 52 emblematic places in Iran to bomb them in case of reprisals. The figure was not chosen by chance … It responds to the 52 hostages that Iran took in 1972. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo tried to reduce the tension by stating that any military action would be "consistent with the rule of law"; and Unesco recalled in those days that both countries are subscribed to the 1954 Conventions, which protect cultural property in case of conflict and those of 1972, which safeguard cultural heritage. Next, some of the monuments that humanity would lose.
Vank Cathedral / Wikimedia Commons
Vank Cathedral, also known as San Salvador, was built by Armenians fleeing the Ottoman wars in the 17th century. Its importance is high because it is one of the first churches built by the Armenians in the Jolfa district (1606) after being welcomed by Shah Abbas I during the Ottoman War. Outside is a very simple building. The interior decoration, a mixture between Iranian and Italian art, attracts curious people from all over the world. His paintings and murals cover every corner of the building. This is the most important temple for Christians in the locality.
Sehik Lotfallah Mosque
The Sehik Lotfallah Mosque. / Wiki Commons
Sehik Lotfallah is one of the most valued cultural works in Iran and its construction took about 20 years. The temple is covered by multicolored mosaics of very high quality and verses from the Quran written with elaborate calligraphy. Many compare its dome to the shape of a peacock's tail. The initial purpose of the enclosure was to be a place of private worship for the royal court, but centuries later it opened its door to the public.
Shah Cheragh Mosque
Shah Cheragh Mosque / Flickr
Shah Cheragh is an Iranian mosque and mausoleum in Shiraz that leaves everyone who visits her stunned. Some translate their name as King of light because it shines like a diamond. Inside it has geometric mosaic designs with mirrors that create a unique light show in the world.
The Khaju Bridge
Khaju Bridge / Wikipedia
This multi-story, two-story urban bridge built in the 17th century in the city of Isfahan has been rated the best in the province. It is one of the most famous bridges for its brick and stone structure. It is 126.5 meters long and 11.7 meters high. The work to build it was arduous by the two-meter long stones that were used to erect it. Khaju is one of the bridges that regulate the flow of water in the river thanks to its floodgates under the arches over the river.
Tomb of Daniel / Wikimedia Commons
There are many theories about where the prophet Daniel is buried, but the tomb in Shusha is the most successful. Pilgrims from all over the world come to the center to kiss the zarih (mesh grid) inside the golden interior of the mosaic-clad sanctuary. The current structure dates from 1871, although the works surrounding the relics are more than 1000 years old.
The Citadel of Bam
The citadel of Bam. / Flickr
The citadel is the largest building in the world erected with mud through techniques such as adobe and tapial. It is located in Bam, a city in the province of Kerman, but much of its buildings were destroyed by an earthquake in 2003. The city became famous after being the set design to shoot the movie 'The desert of the Tartars', of Valerio Zurlini. The land is considered a World Heritage Site by Unesco. Its construction dates from the year 500 a. C. and continued to be inhabited until 1850. It is not known with certainty what were the causes of its abandonment.
The shrine of Imam Reza
The shrine of Imam Reza. / Flickr
The sanctuary was built in 818 in the current city of Mashhad. The complex consists of a mausoleum, the Goharshad Mosque, a museum, a library, several seminars, a cemetery, a university, a dining room for pilgrims and prayer rooms. It is definitely one of the most tourist centers in Iran. Over the years, the place has been destroyed and rebuilt several times. Formerly it was decorated with fine marble, quality wood and stucco.