The Role Of The Kurds In World War II That Donald Trump Denies

Donald Trump has a special devotion to fake news. He, who during his campaign to become the 45th president of the United States systematically used this term to accuse the media of inventing news to harm him, uses the term false news at his convenience.

The last example has been this week, when he has justified the withdrawal of US aid to the troops fighting ISIS in Syria by saying that the Kurds did not help the Allies in the Normandy landings during World War II. Using this argument demonstrates at least an ignorance of the story.

Trump argued that the US withdrew its help to the Kurds from Syria because these people did not help them in Normandy

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Why the Kurdish people – an ethnic group that now has approximately 40 million people focused on the intersection of Turkey, Syria, Iran and Iraq – not only participated in the war that hit the world between 1940 and 1945, but even He received decorations and left a war hero in the ranks of the Soviet Red Army.

To know the ins and outs of this company you have to go back to the early years of the 20th century, when Britain controlled Iraq. In 1915, Major JI Eadie, commander of the British Indian Army, organized a group called the Arab Scouts, the first Iraqi military force established by the British, whose government had supported the Treaty of Sèvres (1920), by which it was established to create Kurdistan, something that never happened.

The Treaty of Sèvres (1920) agreed to create Kurdistan
(Wikipedia)

Eadie recruited forty Arabs from the tribes around Nasiriyah, on the banks of the Euphrates River, to work under the Intelligence department as bodyguards of politicians in southern and central Iraq. Just three years later, this body already had 5,467 Arab, Kurdish, Turkoman and Assyrian militiamen.

Such was the impact of the Kurdish people on this armed force that, on August 12, 1919, its official name became Arab and Kurdish cams. The interwar world turned this armed force into a surveillance and security corps led by Kurds, Iraqi Turkmen and Assyrians living in the north of the country, while the nascent Iraqi army was manned by Arabs, but everything changed with the beginning of the WWII.

The force created by the British was renamed Arab and Kurdish cams in 1919

Between 1940 and 1941, Prime Minister Rashid Ali, who had returned to power with the help of Nazi Germany and fascist Italy, decided that Iraq would join the Axis forces. But the English were not willing to allow this change of course of their former protectorate – which was part of the British Mandate of Mesopotamia – without fighting.

The confrontation was concentrated in the Battle of Habbaniya, where the pilots of the RAF (Air Force of Great Britain) faced the fighters of the German Luftwaffe and the Italian Aeronautical Regia (conveniently painted with Iraqi badges, just as happened with the Condor Legion in Spain).

Members of the Kurdish people, dressed in their traditional costumes
(Wikipedia)

On land, the British troops – among which the Cams were integrated, had recruited an additional 11,000 men, mostly Assyrians, but also some Kurds and Yezidis – crossed the Euphrates River and other water obstacles built by Ali's government to get to Baghdad. Demoralized, Iraqi defenses did not resist. On May 29, 1941, during the night, the Luftwaffe officers fled with the German diplomats fled from the Iraqi capital. Rashid Ali and his supporters escaped to Persia before hiding in Germany.

This was not the only time that the Kurds, a stateless people who could only send their men as soldiers, actively participated in some of the Allied forces' campaigns during World War II. As of 1942, the Iraqi Cams even had a paratrooper team of 75% Assyrians and 25% Kurds.

The Kurdish paratroopers, attached to the Royal Marine Command, were on the fronts of Italy, Albania and Greece

A year later, 166 British officers controlled the 44 companies; Of these, 22 were from Assyrians, five were mixed made up of Assyrians and Yizidi, ten were from Kurds, four from Swamp Arabs and three Baluchi. It was then that the parachute company, attached to the Royal Marine Command, was sent to the fronts of Albania, Italy and Greece.

In recognition of their contribution, the members of these Levas were awarded several individual and some other collective decorations, among which the War Medal 1939–1945, awarded after 28 days of service during World War II. They were also awarded the 1939-1945 Star for six months of service and the Italian Star, awarded to the staff of the paratrooper company that served in Albania, Italy and Greece.

Samand Siabandov was a decorated hero of the Red Army during World War II
(Wikipedia)

The Kurds not only played a leading role in the conflict from the Allied side. Also in the Soviet Red Army a member of this town stood out. This is Samand Siabandov, born in 1909 in the Karst Oblast, a province that at that time belonged to Armenia but is now part of the territory of Turkey.

Siabandov was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, the Order of Lenin, the Medal of Valor and a Gold Star, among others, in 1945 for his “exemplary performance of the combat command tasks leading the fight against the Nazi invaders and for showing courage and heroism. ”

This Kurdish military was elected to the Supreme Soviet of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1946 as a deputy for Armenia and was Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the RSS of Armenia. He also dedicated himself to writing and authored two poems published in the Kurdish language and an Armenian-Kurdish dictionary.

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