What Is In The Bipartisan Agreement On Gun Control And What Is Not?

Caucus of senators announces deals on US gun control 1:27

Washington (WABNEWS) — A bipartisan group of senators unveiled an agreement in principle on gun safety legislation Sunday, providing an overview of an upcoming package of reforms to address one of the most pressing and divisive issues in the United States. nation in the wake of mass shootings in Buffalo, New York, and Uvalde, Texas.

One of the most important factors still to be resolved in the framework agreement is how the legislation will be drafted. The announcement includes the support of 10 Republican senators, which would give the proposal enough support to overcome Senate filibuster, but keeping it through the legislative process will be a major challenge for lawmakers to pull off before Congress’s next recess in two weeks.

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Still, Democrats have an ambitious goal: to write the bill and keep Republicans on board before the next recess, advisers told WABNEWS. Many of the plan’s details remain to be worked out, according to an adviser, who also provided WABNEWS with a more detailed rundown as of Sunday on how some of the proposed provisions would work.

Protesters demand greater gun control in the US 3:16

Here’s what lawmakers included in the framework and what they left out.

The reforms included in the agreement on arms control “Early warning” laws

One of the most significant pieces of the framework is helping states create and implement the calls laws of early warning whose objective is to keep weapons out of the reach of those who pose a threat to themselves or others. This legislation would provide significant funding to help states create new early warning laws, but the 19 states, and Washington, that already have these laws on the books would also be eligible for funding to improve the effectiveness of their established programs.

Investment in mental health and telehealth

The proposal also includes “major investments to increase access to mental health and suicide prevention programs; and other support services available in the community, including crisis and trauma intervention and recovery.”

Lawmakers will message these provisions carefully over the next few weeks because, while Democrats see them as important, they want to emphasize that most people struggling with mental illness are nonviolent.

Learn about New York’s 10 new gun control laws 2:34 Closing technicality called “boyfriend loophole”

The senators said the legislation will address the so-called boyfriend loophole, which deals with whether unmarried couples can have guns if they are convicted of violence against a partner they are dating.

At the beginning of this year, Senate negotiators involved in the Violence Against Women Act they dropped the provision over objections from the National Rifle Association (NRA), dealing a heavy blow to Democrats. But their inclusion in this framework indicates that at least 10 Republicans are willing to oppose the nation’s largest gun lobby on an issue on which they have a longstanding position.

Currently, only a person who has been married to, lived with, or had a child with a partner they have been convicted of abusing is prohibited from owning a gun. Closing that loophole would mean that anyone deemed to have been in a serious dating relationship and convicted of domestic violence would no longer be eligible to own a gun.

Improved review process for buyers under the age of 21

The other major change in the legislation is to issue a more comprehensive review process for people between the ages of 18 and 21 who are going to buy a gun like an AR-15. Under a background check review, the National Instant Criminal Background Check System would also have to contact state and local law enforcement to search for any disqualifying juvenile or mental health records, according to the Democratic aide.

The NICS would have to call the appropriate agency that adjudicates mental health records in each state. NICS would have up to 3 days to conduct the search, but could be extended another seven days if the initial review raises concerns, meaning the process could take a total of 10 days.

It is not a set waiting period as each individual’s review can be very different, from just a few hours to 10 days.

Clarify the definition of a federally licensed firearms dealer

The language of this provision is still being debated, but it would require that more firearms dealers who are shown to be “engaged in the business of selling firearms” be notified that they need to register to become a firearms dealer with federal license. It’s significant because it means those dealers have to run background checks under federal law.

School Safety Resources

The legislation would address an area that Republicans have focused on in recent weeks: school safety. The lawmakers said in their statement that the proposal provides money “to help institute safety measures in and around elementary and secondary schools,” while also supporting “school violence prevention efforts” and employee training. and school students.

This senator has been calling for gun control for almost 10 years 2:23 What the gun control agreement does not contain Expanded background checks

Notably, the agreement does not include a provision that would expand background checks for all firearms sales or transfers in the country. Currently, background checks are not required for gun sales and transfers by private, unlicensed sellers.

Democrats have long supported such a requirement, and last year the House of Representatives passed gun legislation that would expand background checks on all commercial gun sales, marking the first move by Congress on meaningful gun control since that the Democrats won the White House and the majority in both houses of Congress.

Assault Weapons Ban

Also omitted is a federal ban on military-style assault weapons, another measure Democrats have been pushing in recent years, citing mass shootings involving such weapons.

Higher minimum purchase age

Additionally, the agreement does not include a change in the age a person must be to purchase an assault-style weapon. Democrats, including West Virginia Sen. Joe Manchin, the most conservative Democrat in the chamber, have said the age to buy assault weapons should be raised from 18 to 21.

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